Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

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Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Teacher Marx
Hi BSED 2-A, discuss the commonalities and differences English Language Subject in the following Curriculum:

A.) BEC

B.) 2010 Secondary Education

C.) K to 12

Please click "Reply" button found up right to post your answer.

I look forward to reading your post soon.


Thanks.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Dhairene Gay P. Gamit
A. The Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) 2002 is restricting of the NESC  1983 and the NSEC 1982 in order to raise the quality of the Filipino learners and graduates and empower  them for lifelong learning. The medium of instruction in the 2002 BEC is Bilingual ( English and Filipino) . The English language curriculum for 2002 is formed and develop to enhance the knowledge for English which is the international language , to be able to cope and be aware to the global trends. The main focus of the BEC  is the language particularly the English language . The  BEC is not so different when it comes to  the way of teacher teach. For example , the collaborative learning, it is already used at that time.
B. The 2010 secondary education curriculum (SEC) is the revised 2002 BEC incorporating understanding by design  (UbD) which seeks to contribute to functional literacy for all and the development of 21st century core skills needed for global competitiveness. The curriculum of SEC 2010 is the UbD framework follows three stages, starting from results or desired outcomes, assesments, products, and performance and learning plan. The assessment  test for second year students although the BEC was replaced by the 2010 curriculum and now by the present curriculum, its goals are still part of the later curricula which are to acquire higher order  thinking skills that was in the content-based instruction and help the middle level sstudents to learn.
C. The K to 12 education curriculum is geared towards the development of holistically developed Filipino with 21st century skills who is ready for employment , entrepreneurship ,middle level skills development and higher education upon graduation. The medium of instruction of the Kto12 is the mother  tongue-based multilingual education. The curriculum of this is the spiral progression that starts from simple to complex and requires revisiting  prior knowledge. In this curriculum, pre-school is an optional choice for parents and exclusive for private school, this level is not necessary in BEC but children with the ages 6 to 7 must be enrolled in the first grade  but children with ages 8 and above  can be enroll in the grade level that they belong to, but if a child cannot write or read in Filipino or English subjects he/she must enrolled in the grade 1 level regardless in his/her age. The new curriculum, K to 12 or K12 show means for kinder, 6 years in elementary, 4 years in junior high school and additional two years in senior high school. Unlike to the old curriculum, children ages 5 to 6 years old must be enrolled in kinder even in public schools and students in high school must enroll in additional two years in high school for the reason that they can find a job even not taking tertiary education.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

April Mae U. Bangisan
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
A.The Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) 2002 seeks to develop the citizenship and to address the communication needs (i.e. interpersonal, informative, and aesthetic) of Filipino students for English which is emerging as the international lingua franca. Restructuring the curriculum is part of the ongoing effort to improve or enhance the quality of learning in the Philippines. This emerging English curriculum adopts communicative, interactive collaborative approaches that help students to become fluent in English and become globally competitive and face the global trends.The goal of this curriculum is to develop the four competencies-linguistic,sociolinguistic,discoursal and strategic with emphasis on cognitive academic language proficiency based on student's need for the language. It also help students to develop a creative and critical thinking skills. Aim for functional literacy.Focuses on the development of the reading skills and values of self-reliance.

B. The 2010 Secondary Education Curriculum (SEC) is the revision of the 2002 Basic Education Curriculum incorporating the Understanding by Design (UbD) model developed by Jay Mctighe and Grant Wiggins which seeks to contribute to the functionally literate Filipino and for the development of the 21st Century core skills.It provides a personalized approach in developing the student's multiple intelligencies and it focuses on essential understandings.It provides a personalized approach using special curricular program.It also develops the readiness and passion for work and lifelong learning. New stategies in handling the individual differences of students are developed.

C. The K to 12 Basic Education Curriculum is geared towards the development of holistically developed Filipino with 21st century skills. It considered every aspect of development of the learners so that graduates will be holistically developed, equipped with 21st century skills and prepared for employment, entrepreneurship, middle level skills or higher education. It also considered the needs of the learners. It also responds to the local and global needs.The ultimate goal of the Language Arts and Multiliteracies Curriculum of the K to 12 is to produce graduates who apply the language conventions, principles, strategies and skills.The K to 12 Curriculum is the preparation for the students who wants to continue their study in college.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Glory D. Gaco
This post was updated on .
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
     The Basic Education Curriculum, the 2010 Secondary Education Curriculum and the Kto12 Curriculum program are the flagship program of the DepED in its desire to attuned and meet the needs of the students when it comes in gaining knowledge. These three curriculum provides different desire to each learners. With the same objectives, the department seeks to create a basic Educator Sector that is capable of attaining the country's Education for all and the development goals, and Education outcomes in terms of achievement participation.

A. The Basic Education Curriculum is one of the curriculum program implemented by the DepEd that seeks to cure the inability of students who cannot read with comprehension and to improve student mastery and contribute to the attainment of functional literacy. BEC also advocates the development of creative, critical thinker and problem solvers of the learners.                      
B.The 2010 SEC is also one of the program of the DepEd that is also aims to develop the citizenship, to address the communication needs of the learners, and to develop a functional literate Filipino.
C. The K to 12 program is a comprehensive program in the sense that the support system is to ensure its implementation, the family, the other stakeholders and society as a whole are given the needed attention.The K to 12 will prepare students with life skills that they earn while schooling. The additional years will also ensure that Kto12 learners are better prepared for college. This program has a desire to offer a curriculum which is attuned to the twenty First century, "a holistically developed Filipino with twenty First century skills".

     The commonalities of these three curriculum is,it is all implemented to meet the basic to general needs of each learners within different aspects of abilities and skills of a students.On the other hand, these three program are used to enhance physically, mentally, and emotionally the learners capability.The BEC provides different kind of strategies to become an effective program for the learners. When the curriculum is revised to a new one, it change into Secondary Education Curriculum but not totally changed. The BEC is still used and follow but by means of the new revised program it is being enriched and improved by the DepEd. as time goes by,another curriculum had implemented and it was the K to 12 whereas its objectives are enhanced meet by the DepEd.
     If there are things that are common with the three program, these has also have the differences. In terms of the way how the learners are motivated, there is a big gap between the three program. Although the objectives and goals of each is the same but the way, strategies and the process how the program is used is differ from each other. In terms of teaching method, the BEC focused only on what we called the spoonfeeding.We can say that the learners didn't learn effectively because there is no interaction between the learners and the teachers. However in the 2010 SEC, it has still used but there is an improvement, until the new program was implemented.
     As a whole, the BEC, 2010 SEC and the Kto12 program of the department of Education are very important and useful  for attaining the students needs in learning. These three serves as a guide for gaining a better preparation for the future.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Jhester C. Daprosa BSEd 2A
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM
1. Greater emphasis on helping every learner to become successful reader.
2. Emphasis on interactive/collaborative learning approaches.
3. Emphasis on the use of integrative learning approaches.
4. Teaching of values in all learning areas.
5. Development of self-reliant and patriotic citizens.
6. Development of creative and critical thinking skills.

2010 SECONDARY EDUCATION
1. This is refined following the Understanding by Design Framework of Jay McTighe and Grant Wiggins.
2. Two-fold goal of this Program is to develop the communicative and the literary competence/appreciation of the Filipino youth.
3. The learning program in the curriculum focuses on content–based instruction (CBI) which underscores the use of cognitive academic language learning approach (CALLA) which takes into consideration the various contexts in which language is used in the classroom and other academic settings.
4. Uses the problem-based, task-based, and competency-based learning (PTCBL) approaches in which students collaboratively solve problems and reflect on their experiences.
5. Theoretical bases of the 2010 SEC include the theory of language, theory of learning and theory of language learning.

K-12 CURRICULUM
1. Strengthening Early Childhood Education (Universal Kindergarten)
 A. Every Filipino child now has access to early childhood education through Universal Kindergarten. At 5 years old, children start schooling and are given the means to slowly adjust to formal education.
 B. Research shows that children who underwent Kindergarten have better completion rates than those who did not. Children who complete a standards-based Kindergarten program are better prepared, for primary education. Education for children in the early years lays the foundation for lifelong learning and for the total development of a child. The early years of a human being, from 0 to 6 years, are the most critical period when the brain grows to at least 60-70 percent of adult size.
 C. In Kindergarten, students learn the alphabet, numbers, shapes, and colors through games, songs, and dances, in their Mother Tongue.
2. Making the Curriculum Relevant to Learners (Contextualization and Enhancements)
 A. Examples, activities, songs, poems, stories, and illustrations are based on local culture, history, and reality. This makes the lessons relevant to the learners and easy to understand.
 B.Students acquire in-depth knowledge, skills, values, and attitudes through continuity and consistency across all levels and subjects.
 C. Discussions on issues such as Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR), Climate Change Adaptation, and Information & Communication Technology (ICT) are included in the enhanced curriculum.  
3. Building Proficiency (Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education)
 A. In Kindergarten to Grade 3, the child's dominant language is used as the language of learning.
 B. Filipino and English language proficiency is developed from Kindergarten to Grade 3 but very gradually.
 C. Mother Tongue is used in instruction and learning materials of other learning areas.
 D. The learners retain their ethnic identity, culture, heritage and values.
 E. Children learn better and are more active in class and learn a second language even faster when they are first taught in a language they understand.
4. Ensuring Intergrated and Seamless Learning (Spiral Progression)
 A. Basic concepts/general concepts are first learned.
 B. More complex and sophisticated version of the basic/general concepts are then rediscovered in the succeeding grades.
 C. This strengthens retention and enhances mastery of topics and skills as they are revisited and consolidated time and again.
 E. This also allows learners to learn topics and skills appropriate to their developmental and cognitive skills.
5. Gearing Up for the Future
 A. Ensuring College Readiness
Working with CHED to:

  a) Ensure alignment of Core and Applied Subjects to the College Readiness Standards (CRS) and new General Education (GE) Curriculum.
  b) Develop appropriate Specialization Subjects for the Academic, Sports, Arts and Design, and Technical Vocational Livelihood Tracks.
 B. Strengthening TVET Integration in SHS
Working with CHED to:

  a) Integrate TVET skills, competencies and qualifications in TLE in JHS and Technical Vocational Livelihood (TVL) track in SHS
  b) Ensure that any Grade 10 finisher and all Grade 12 TVL graduates are eligible for TESDA competency/qualifications assessments (i.e. COC, NC I or NC II)
  c) Prepare learning resources that are consitent with promulgated Training Regulations.
  d) Develop appropriate INSET and certification programs for TLE teachers.
6. Nurturing the Holistically Developed Filipino (College and Livelihood Readiness, 21st Century Skills)
 A. After going through Kindergarten, the enhanced Elementary and Junior High curriculum, and a specialized Senior High program, every K to 12 graduate will be ready to go into different paths – may it be further education, employment, or entrepreneurship.
 B. Every graduate will be equipped with:
  a) Information, media and technology skills;
  b) Learning and innovation skills;
  c) Effective communication skills; and,
  d) Life and career skills.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Princess Calingasan
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
A. The 2002 BEC focuses on the basics of writing,reading,arithmetic,science and patriotism. Values are integrated to all the subject areas. It seeks to cure
the inability of students who cannot read with comprehension at grade 3 and worse, at grade 6. Integrative and interactive learning are stressed. This are characterized by group learning and sharing of knowledge, between teacher and students and among students. it seeks to develop functionally literate Filipino by 2015. It focuses on the cognitive,affective and behavioral aspect of the student.
B.2010 SEC (Secondary Education Curriculum) is the revised edition of the old 2002 curriculum. It is incorporated with UbD. It seeks to develop the communicative competence of every student in order to cope up with the global trend. Collaborative learning is present in this curriculum wherein students work in a group by sharing their ideas. This type of curriculum is learner-centered meaning students are always involved in the learning process.  In this curriculum,the type of questioning is improve compare to the old one. It introduces the HOTS (Higher order thinking skills),it uses How and Why questions to make the students think more deeply regarding a particular topic.
C.K-12 Curriculum focus also on developing the communicative competence and multiliteracies  of every student. Compare to other curriculum,this curriculum is mother tongue based-multilingual education. Like the 2010 SEC,it is learner-centered. The word collaborative learning is still being used. It introduces constructivism,spiral progression, integration and contextualization.
Every curriculum is designed to provide the educational needs of the students,to enriched and to fill the gaps when it comes to learning. They only differ on the way they are designed,the way they teach learner and on the different techniques they apply on their way of teaching. But if we'll just try to analyze,we can conclude that its all for the sake of every learner. Although they differ in some parts,their goals are still set to achieve the learner's needs.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Randa Shella Magno Gonzales
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx

Randa Shella Magno Gonzales
BSEd II-A

Commonalities and Differences of BEC, 2010 Secondary Education and K to 12
Those provided curriculums such as BEC, 2010 Secondary Education and K to 12 has commonalities which are intended for the development of the teacher and as well as the students. The above mentioned curriculums were implemented enable to make teaching more effective and reliable. The most and importantly is the use of teaching strategies to the advent of technology with the specific essential knowledge including the enduring ideas, issues, principles and concepts from the disciplines. In these said curriculum also, skills and habits of mind are taught and learned whereas the students should act and received the intended lesson for the future where they will live and where they will work. During the discussion, these are aims to develop competencies in listening, reading and writing among the learners where students should be able to use those macro-skills. Learners achieve the desired level of competence when they are motivated and use the language. Its use an assessment to defines acceptable evidence of student’s attainment of desired results; determines authentic performance tasks that the student is expected to do to demonstrate the desired understandings; and defines the criteria against which the student’s performances or products shall be judged.
In addition to, those address the communicative needs like interpersonal, informative and aesthetic of students by adopting a communicative, interactive, collaborative approach to learning as well as reflection and introspection with the aim in view of developing autonomous language learners aware to cope with global trends.
Moreover, those types of curriculum have its own differences. The BEC is used to be a teacher- learner centered where most of the ideas or knowledge are taught and gave by the teacher. Students are not often allowed in expressing their ideas freely and usually, they are depending on their teacher for every time that they have a certain activity. The content used by BEC in English is science and health concept specifically in grade I and II but not to extent of neglecting the content in the English books for the grade. The learners shall be taught appropriate literary materials such as jingles, rhymes, poems, dialogues, stories, etc. suited to their grade level and interest.

While, the 2010 Secondary Education aims to develop the 21st century core skills needed for global competitiveness.  It has an overall goal which is to develop a functionally literate Filipino who can effectively function in various communication situations. The two-fold goal of this Program is to develop the communicative and the literary competence/appreciation of the Filipino youth. The purpose is to develop the four competencies: linguistic, sociolinguistic, discourse and strategic with emphasis on cognitive academic language proficiency (CALP). On the other hand, literary competence is concerned with General skills needed to meet the communicative and linguistic demands of the different types of literature. It is just starting point of the learners in acquiring higher order thinking skills that was in the content-based instruction


and help the middle level students to learn. The said language skills do not occur as separated units but rather as integrated units. In the 2010 Secondary English Curriculum (2010 SEC), other inputs have been considered in response to the paradigm shifts that have taken place. This curriculum shows that as far as communicative competence is concerned, the learning program in the curriculum focuses on content–based instruction (CBI) which integrates the learning of language. In addition, it uses the problem-based, task-based, and competency-based learning (PTCBL) approaches in which students collaboratively solve problems and reflect on their experiences..

 Toward this end, K to 12 has implemented as learner-centered type of curriculum where the teachers take on the role as facilitators of learning and the students has an opportunity to express their ideas freely and participate in a class actively. Teacher must negotiate with his or her students. Students must be involved in every discussion as the teacher must have an activity for the students to develop communicative competence. It aims  to acquire higher order  thinking skills in learning English Subject where learners are able to understands the standards of English in order to participate in various oral communication demands like the situation, purpose and audience, recognizes words and constructs meaning about them based on word shape, contextual, perceptual, phonological, and semantic information happening instantaneously, understands the importance of acquiring an extensive receptive and expressive (passive and active) vocabulary for communication or expression in various contexts and language functions and understands that listening is the receptive skill in the oral mode that allows one to comprehend what is heard using ones skills and schema and able to activate his/her prior knowledge. The goal about the fluency was been highlighted in K to 12 curriculum where learners are able to reads aloud grade level texts effortlessly without hesitation and with proper expression. It includes; first, the reading where students can easily read and understand texts written in the language, second, writing for the students to formulate written texts in the language, third is the comprehension, in order for the learners to follow and understand speech in the language and lastly, speaking, to produce speech in the language and be understood by its speakers. Moreover, it is towards the development of holistically developed Filipino with 21st century skills.



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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Kristopher A. Andaya
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
A. Basic Education Curriculum is a basic format of a curriculum that has been promoted here in Philippines and this was the first curriculum that we had. It focus on the basic reading, writing,arithmetic,science, and patriotism. BEC is restructing of NESC (1983) and the NSEC(1989) in order to raise the quality of the Filipino learners and empower them for lifelong learning.
B. Secondary Education Curriculumis the revised 2002 BEC incorporating Understanding By Design (UBD) which seeksto contribute to functional literacy for all and the development of 21st Century skills needed for global competetiveness. SEC it has overall goal, to develop a functionally literate Filipino who can effectively function in various communications situations. A functionally literate have ability to express clearly one's ideas and feelings orally. Ability to learn on his own; ability to read and respond in turn to ideas presented.
C. K to 12 is geared towards the development of holistically developed Filipino with 21st Century Skills who is ready for employment, entrepreneurship,middle level skills development and higher education upon graduation. K to 12 is covers kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (6 years of primary, 4 years of junior high school, and 2 years of senior high school). K to 12 curriculum is the student centered.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Bernie G. Parcon
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
A pleasant evening to everyone. I am Bernie Parcon and I am going to answer the question of the original post.
First I would discuss the differences of each curriculum as mentioned in the post.
The BEC (Basic Education Currriculum) was, as all we know, a curriculum created in 2002. It was based on the traditional teaching method. While it was able to help learners to be competitive and follow the trends of globalization, a new curriculum, largely because of changing the administration from Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to Benigno Aquino III, was created in 2010 which was then called the 2010 SEC (Secondary Education Curriculum). The 2010 SEC was then implemented but all I know was that it was not fully implemented because last 2015, the supposed to be last batch of 2010 SEC students, the BEC was still the curriculum that was being implemented in our school. Then last 2012, a newer curriculum was created again. I don't know what really happened, but maybe because the new administration believed that a curriculum should be changed every ten years. The Philippines was one of the last countries to adapt the global curriculum, so that is the main reason of changing the curriculum, because they also believed that it is one of the ways that we can really be "gobally competitive" (a famous phrase last year), changing the whole curriculum of BEC and SEC to that curriculum which is known until these days as the K to 12 ( K+12 or K-12). In 2011, the K-12 Curriculum was implemented as experimental curriculum, which explains why we now have graduates of the now known "Senior High School" (or senior high), which was the ultimate difference of K-12 from the other curricula.
Aside from that, the K-12 type of instruction, together with 2010 SEC, are based on proficiency while BEC was based on content. There are only four macro-skills in BEC while the 2010 SEC and the K-12 have five macro-skills, adding the "viewing" skill to the four other skils which are "reading," "writing," "listening," and "speaking," because of the rapidly increasing technology.
The K-12 also requires that every child should first go to pre-school before enrolling to primary (or elementary) while the other former curricula does not require it, and requiring two further years in high school, having a total of 12 years in primary and secondary school.
So that's it. I think I have said a lot about some relevant differences between the three curricula. Now I'm going to discuss the commonalities.
The most-known thing that is common of the three, as I know, is the so-called collaborative learning. I know, thois term may not be used in the last curriculum, or even in the more former, but it was just a revised term for cooperative learning, present in the last curricula, for it was part of the traditional teaching.
Another commonality is that they all aim to make Filipino people to be able to cope with the globally changing world, and that every curriculum either changes or updates.
Last in my answer is that they aim to help us acquire and/or apply the HOTS or the "Higher Order Thinking Skills."
Whatever curricula they are, they always aim to help us learn and be better Filipinos. Although the present curriculum is an upgrade, and will still upgrade, they upgrade for the better. They want to help us. We are Filipinos. We are not merely robots that teachers should tell what to do, and we to follow. We need to change. If we hold on together, oh, "together we rise, divided we fall."
Thank you for reading. Have a nice day!
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Bernie G. Parcon
Sir I'm sorry about my paragraph. I forgot to insert indents. But that should be the next lines, if you please.

       A pleasant evening to everyone. I am Bernie Parcon and I am going to answer the question of the original post.
First I would discuss the differences of each curriculum as mentioned in the post.

     The BEC (Basic Education Currriculum) was, as all we know, a curriculum created in 2002. It was based on the traditional teaching method. While it was able to help learners to be competitive and follow the trends of globalization, a new curriculum, largely because of changing the administration from Gloria Macapagal Arroyo to Benigno Aquino III, was created in 2010 which was then called the 2010 SEC (Secondary Education Curriculum). The 2010 SEC was then implemented but all I know was that it was not fully implemented because last 2015, the supposed to be last batch of 2010 SEC students, the BEC was still the curriculum that was being implemented in our school. Then last 2012, a newer curriculum was created again. I don't know what really happened, but maybe because the new administration believed that a curriculum should be changed every ten years. The Philippines was one of the last countries to adapt the global curriculum, so that is the main reason of changing the curriculum, because they also believed that it is one of the ways that we can really be "gobally competitive" (a famous phrase last year), changing the whole curriculum of BEC and SEC to that curriculum which is known until these days as the K to 12 ( K+12 or K-12). In 2011, the K-12 Curriculum was implemented as experimental curriculum, which explains why we now have graduates of the now known "Senior High School" (or senior high), which was the ultimate difference of K-12 from the other curricula. Aside from that, the K-12 type of instruction, together with 2010 SEC, are based on proficiency while BEC was based on content. There are only four macro-skills in BEC while the 2010 SEC and the K-12 have five macro-skills, adding the "viewing" skill to the four other skils which are "reading," "writing," "listening," and "speaking," because of the rapidly increasing technology.
The K-12 also requires that every child should first go to pre-school before enrolling to primary (or elementary) while the other former curricula does not require it, and requiring two further years in high school, having a total of 12 years in primary and secondary school.

     So that's it. I think I have said a lot about some relevant differences between the three curricula. Now I'm going to discuss the commonalities.

     The most-known thing that is common of the three, as I know, is the so-called collaborative learning. I know, thois term may not be used in the last curriculum, or even in the more former, but it was just a revised term for cooperative learning, present in the last curricula, for it was part of the traditional teaching.
Another commonality is that they all aim to make Filipino people to be able to cope with the globally changing world, and that every curriculum either changes or updates. Last in my answer is that they aim to help us acquire and/or apply the HOTS or the "Higher Order Thinking Skills."

     Whatever curricula they are, they always aim to help us learn and be better Filipinos. Although the present curriculum is an upgrade, and will still upgrade, they upgrade for the better. They want to help us. We are Filipinos. We are not merely robots that teachers should tell what to do, and we to follow. We need to change. If we hold on together, oh, "together we rise, divided we fall."

     Thank you for reading. Have a nice day!
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Leendy L. Tabangay
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
 The commonalities and differences English language curriculum.

A.Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) is focuses on tool learning areas for an adequate development of competencies for learning how to learn.It is restructuring of the NESC (1983) and the NESC (1989) in order to raise the quality of the filipino learners and graduates and empower them for lifelong learning.The main focus of the  BEC is the language, particularly the English language.Although the BEC was replaced by the 2010 curriculum. It`s goals are still part of the later curricula which are to acquire higher order thinking skills. One of major problem of this is that those who were teaching remote areas cannot use technology.BEC makes values development integral to all learning areas. There is a greater focus on values formation in all the subject areas.

B.2010 Secondary Education is revised 2002 BEC incorporating understanding by design (UbD) which seeks to contribute to functional literacy for all and the development of 21st century core skills needed for global competetiveness. UbD framework follows three stages, starting from results or desired outcomes , assessment, products, and performance and learning plan. As a matter of practice, the curriculum in the Philippines is revised every ten years, but the rapid rate of change in education and the
fast obsolescence of knowledge necessitate a  continual revisiting  and updating of the  curriculum to make it responsive to emerging
changes in the needs of the learner and the society
. Thus, the refinement of the curriculum remains to
 be a work in progress.

C.K+12 Curriculum 2012 is the Program covers Kindergarten and 12 years of basic education (six years of primary education, four years of Junior High School, and two years of Senior High School [SHS]) to provide sufficient time for mastery of concepts and skills, develop lifelong learners, and prepare graduates for tertiary education, middle-level skills development, employment, and entrepreneurship. k+12 is the new curriculum. It is geared towards the development of holistically developed filipino with 21st century skills. It is the spiral progression of curriculum that starts from simple to complex and requires revisiting prior knowledge.Subjects are taught from the simplest concepts to more complicated concepts through grade levels in spiral progression. As early as elementary, students gain knowledge in areas such as Biology, Geometry, Earth Science, Chemistry, and Algebra. This ensures a mastery of knowledge and skills after each level.
For example, currently in High School, Biology is taught in 2nd Year, Chemistry in 3rd Year, and Physics in 4th Year. In K to 12, these subjects are connected and integrated from Grades 7 to 10. This same method is used in other Learning Areas like Math.

                                                                     By: Leendy L. Tabangay
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Ivy Jane D. Sugale
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
A. Basic Education Curriculum is the first curriculum here in the Philippines and it is the product of 16 years of study under the various DepEd secretaries. The BEC focuses on the basics of reading, writing, arithmetic, science and patriotism. Students can then be ready for lifelong learning. The 2002 BEC seeks to develop citizenship and to address the communication needs (interpersonal, informative and aesthetic) of Filipino students for English, which is emerging as the international lingua franca. These are characterized by group learning and sharing of knowledge and experiences between teachers, between teachers and students and among students.

B. Secondary Education Curriculum have overall goal, is to develop a Functionally Literate Filipino who can effectively function in various communication on situations. SEC was guided by the need in order to improve student mastery and contribute to the attainment of functional literacy. A functionally literate have ability to express clearly one's ideas and feelings orally, in writing, and non-verbally; ability to learn on his own; ability to read and respond in turn yo ideas presented. The SEC Curriculum approaches in which students collaboratively solve problems and reflect on their experiences.

C. The Philippines should switch to k to 12 Curriculum because only country in Asia with 10 years of Basis Education and many students is not prepared for college education. The k to 12 is covers kindergarten and 12 years of Basic Education ( 6 years of primary education, 4 years of junior high school, and 2 years of senior high school). K to 12 developed learners who have 21st Century Skills and are prepared for higher education, middle-level skills, development employment and entrepreneurship. K to 12 tracks that lead to specialization in Academics, Tech-voc, and sports and arts.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

MARY JANE O. QUIMSON
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
MARY JANE O. QUIMSON

   Philippine education system had gone several stages of development wherein there's a lot of revision and changes that has been made in order to sustain the needs of each individual and to the progress of the society as well. The BEC, 2010 SEC and K TO 12 are the three curriculum that has implemented by the DepEd here in our country.

   BEC- the first curriculum that has been implemented in the Philippines. It covers the kindergarten which is optional, 6 years in elementary, 4 years in high school, and college have the two options, which are 2 years in vocational and 4 years in bachelor degree. This curriculum emphasize the integrative and interactive teaching learning approaches, wherein it is characterized by group learning and sharing knowledge and experiences among the learners and the teachers also. Teaching of values is integrated in all learning areas. The medium of instruction used is bilingual (filipino and english). this curriculum followed the the rubric in scoring the student's performance, and the lesson plan/syllabus used are pattern and sequence of traditional lesson plan. BEC focuses on the basics of writing,reading,arithmetic,science and patriotism, develop the creative and critical thinking of the learners.
   
   2010 SEC- this curriculum was designed by the framework of UBD model that has the following three stages which are, results, assessment, and learning plan. In connection with this, it seeks to develop the overall goal of to be functionally literacy Filipinos who can effectively function in various communication situations, and to be globally competitive for the development of 21st century. Collaborative approach is present in this curriculum wherein the students are engaging with each others to gain some knowledge, that is why this curriculum is learner-centered approach. SEC focuses on setting of learning standards and teaching for understanding. It provides personalized approach using special curriculum programs. The pattern and sequence of the lesson plan are contains the explore, firm up, deepen, and transfer.

   K-12- the implemented curriculum of the DepEd, it focuses on the holistic development of the learner. The outcome based is prepares the learners for, higher education, middle level skills, employment, and enterpreneurship. It is emphasize the communicative competence and multiliteracies of every students. The k-12 have the two  desired outcomes are the content standards which what the students should know, what they do, and what they understand as they process the information. Performance standards are what students do or how they use their learning and understanding. The students are expected to produce product and outcome performance to prove that they can apply what they learn in real life situations. The medium of instruction used to this is mother tongue based and multilingual education. Spiral progression starts from simple to complex and requires revisiting prior knowledge. Although they have difference in some parts but their goals are set to achieved by the learners.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Catherine C. Rivera
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Billy Dela Peña
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
    The commonalities of the English Language subject in the three curriculum they focuses on functional literacy of every students that every students should improve their learning skills in grammar and they should used English as a medium of communications, that they can function in various communication situations, that individual have the abilities to express ones ideas and feelings orally, in writing and non-verbally. Ability to learn his own, ability to read and comprehend and the ability to write clearly ones ideas and feelings because Functional Literacy is the essential ability for lifelong learning in our dynamically changing world. They also both practiced collaborative/interactive approach between the students and the teachers and encouraging the learners to learn by their own and to their other learners. One thing that they have common is that they use English for Science, Math, English technology Subjects and Filipino for Makabayan, Filipino and values Education Subject and others.
    Their differences is that BEC curriculum has greater emphasis on helping every learner to become more successful reader, it emphasis on using of integrative learning approaches and it is also emphasis on the use of effective strategies for the development of critical and creative thinking skill. The Secondary Education Curriculum develop the communicative and the literary competence/ appreciation of all Filipino youth. The purpose is to develop the four competencies; linguistic, sociolinguistic, discourse and general strategic with emphasis on cognitive academic language proficiency. On the other hand literary competence is concerned with general skills needed to meet the communicative and linguistic demands of the different types of literature. While K-12 Program will enhance the basic education system to full functionality to fulfill the basic learning needs of students. The graduate of K-12 will possess competencies and skills relevant to the job market. and its envisions holistically developed learners with 21st century skills leading to better career pathways, and the graduates of K-12 will now be recognized abroad such as graduates of Doctors, Engineers, architecture etc. could now be recognized as professionals in other countries.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

LOJERA, BENY CHING C.
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
       
        The 2002 BEC Curriculum aims to develop functional Literacy for all Filipino wherein communicative and Literary competencies are the ultimate goal. It focuses in the development of reading skills and values of self reliance and patriotism and put as well an emphasis on the interactive, integrative, collaborative learning which values are integrated within the learning areas. The BEC was the restructured of the NESC of 1983 in order to raise the quality of Filipino learners and graduates and empower them for life long term. It is a bilingual education (English and Filipino) , used integration method and Learner centered approach in variety of teaching. The BEC curriculum on the other hand, is a  content based teaching and it follows the traditional Lesson Plan in executing the lessons. The system of education are 6 six years in elementary wherein taking Kindergarten is optional and 4 year in high school. It also seeks the learners to become globally competitive while SEC Curriculum follows the UBD model , it provides a personalized approach using special curriculum programs likewise develop   readiness and passion for work and lifelong learning. On the contrary, this is the revised of the 2002 BEC incorporating the UBD model which seeks to contribute functional literacy for all and the development of 21st century skills needed for their global competitiveness. The lesson patterned was changed into this sequences EXPLORE, FIRM UP, DEEPER and TRANSFER. The main tenet of the SEC is to have deep understanding on the context and not just memorizing the text. It uses rubrics to measure student’s performance as basis of grading system. The educational system is the same with the previous curriculum.
        With the current curriculum existing right now, K TO 12 seeks the highest level of awareness among students and bring them up to their utmost level. It addresses to develop the communicative competency and the Multiliteracies of the learners. It is a competency based instruction, mother tongue based and a multilingual education. It considers every aspect of learners to develop holistically equipped with 21st century skills, prepare them for employment, entrepreneurship, middle class skills and higher education. It also considers the nature and needs of the learners and respond to them both local and global. It follows the spiral approach wherein learning as it is entails going from simple to more complex knowledge skills. Student centered teaching, collaborative learning and the KPUP lesson plan pattern were really popular and overused in this curriculum and global citizenship was one of its goals. In terms of educational system, students are mandatory to take first PRE ELEM before they move to grade 1, 6 years in elementary, 4 years in Junior high school and additional 2 years in Senior high school.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Alfaro, Medelyn C.
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
         
Medelyn C. Alfaro
BSED 2-A

Commonalities and differences English Language Subject in the following Curriculum:

Differences..
A.) BEC
The BEC focuses on the basics of reading, writing, arithmetic, science and patriotism. Values is integral to all the subject areas. Students can then be ready for lifelong learning. It seeks to cure the inability of students who cannot read with comprehension at grade 3 and worse, at grade 6.
B.) 2010 Secondary Education
 Content standards, which specify the essential knowledge (includes the most important and enduring ideas, issues,principles and concepts from the disciplines), skills and habits of mind that should be taught and learned. They answer the question, “What should students know and be able to do?”
Performance standards, which express the degree or quality of proficiency that students are expected to demonstrate in relation to the content standards. They answer the question, “How well must students do their work?” or “At what level of performance would the student be appropriately qualified or certified?”
Rich and challenging-provides for a personalized approach to developing the student’s multiple intelligences. It Develops the readiness and passion for work and lifelong learning
C.) K to 12
The K+12 curriculum aims to help learners acquire highly-developed literacy skills that enable them to understand that English language is the most widely used medium
of communication in Trade and the Arts, Sciences, Mathematics, and in world economy. Furthermore, the curriculum aims to help learners understand that English
language is a dynamic social process which responds to and reflects changing social conditions, and that English is inextricably involved with values, beliefs and
ways of thinking about ourselves and the world we dwell in. Through multi-literacy skills, learners will be able to appreciate and be sensitive to socio-cultural
diversity and understand that the meaning of any form of communication depends on context, purpose and audience.

 * The difference between BEC  and SEC is that, SEC talks more about the second level of of education while BEC talks more about the primary education. SEC has greater learning areas while BEC falls only on five learning areas which are filipino, english, MAKABAYAN, math, science and technology.

School Year 2011-2012 was the last year for using the 2002 BEC Reform in grade 1 level in the Philippines, for that reason the Department of Education under Aquino’s administration implemented the K to 12 Curriculum effective this School Year 2012-2013 in grade 1 level. As today, this new curriculum was only implemented for all public schools in Philippines nation-wide.
            In the BEC curriculum, Pre-school is an optional choice for parents and exclusive for private school, this level is not necessary in BEC. But children with the ages of 6 to 7 must be enrolled in the first grade but children with ages 8 and above can be enroll in the grade level that they belong to, but if a child cannot write or read in Filipino or English subjects he/she must enrolled in the Grade 1 level regardless in his/her age.
           The new curriculum, K to 12 or K12 show means for Kinder, 6 years in elementary, 4 years in Junior high school and additional two years in Senior high school. Unlike to the old curriculum, children ages 5 to 6 years old must be enrolled in Kinder even in public schools and students in high school must enroll in additional two years in high school for the reason that they can find a job even not taking tertiary education.

The commonalities of these three curriculum is,it is all implemented to meet the basic  needs of each learners within different aspects of abilities and skills of a students.On the other hand, these three program are used to enhance physically, mentally, and emotionally the learners capability.The BEC provides different kind of strategies to become an effective program for the learners. When the curriculum is revised to a new one, it change into Secondary Education Curriculum but not totally changed. The BEC is still used and follow but by means of the new revised program it is being enriched and improved by the DepEd. as time goes by,another curriculum had implemented and it was the K to 12 whereas its objectives are enhanced meet by the DepEd.
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Jeter B. Dacayanan
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
Hi I am Jeter B. Dacayanan.

The 2002 BEC, 2010 SEC and the K-12 Curriculum have commonalities and differences.
These curricula have common objectives in which were implemented to meet the needs of the learners within different aspects and abilities of the students. They are also common in "colaborative learning" or "cooperative learning" approach. These curricula aim to make the Filipino citizens to be globally competitive. They're also implemented to make teaching more effective and more reliable. They have also common language acquisition theory.

However, they also have differences. The 2002 Basic Education Curriculum (BEC) seeks to cure the inability of students who cannot read and comprehend. It helps the students to develop a creative and critical thinking skills. It focuses on the development of the reading skills and values of self-reliance. The 2010 Secondary Education Curriculum (SEC)  seeks to develop the citizenship and to address the communication needs of Filipino students for english which is emerging as the international lingua franca. It aims to develop a functional literate Filipino Citizens. The framework used in this curriculum was UBD or "Understanding By Design". While K-12 or K12 Curriculum aims to  help learners acquire highly- developed literacy skillsthat enable them to understand hat English language is the most widely used medium of communication in trade and the Arts, Sciences, Mathematics and in world economic. Through multi- literacy skills, learners will be able to appreciate and be sensitive to sociocultural diversity and understand that the meaning of any form of communication depends on context, purpose and audience. For effective language acquisition, this curriculum has six (6) languge teaching principles: The Spiral progression, Interaction, integration, Learner- centeredness,contextualization, and construction.These principles explain the natural process of language development.

Thank you for reading. God bless you!
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

John Reniel A.Barraca
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx

A.The 2002 Basic Education Curriculum for English is seek to develop the citizenship and to address the communicative needs( interpersonal,informative and aesthetic) of the students for English which is emerging as international lingua franca. this curriculum adopt communicative interactive collaborative approach. the difference of this curriculum to the two is inline with the collaborative approach and that are reflection and introspection with the aim in view of developing autonomous language learners aware of and able to cope global trends.and the commonalities of this curriculum in SEC and K to 12 curriculum are the four competencies,theory of language and the macro skills.

B. The 2010 Secondary education curriculum overall goal is to develop the functional literate Filipino. this Program has two fold goal those are to develop the communicative and the literacy competence/appreciation of the Filipino youth. the difference of this curriculum two the two is in this curriculum there is additional input added like the Cognitive language learning approach(CALLA) Which takes consideration the various context in which language is used in the classroom and other academic settings. and the Problem-based,Task-based, and Competency-based Learning in which the students collaboratively solve problems and reflect on their experience.the commonalities of this in 2002 and K to 12 curriculum are the theory of language, the four competencies, theory of learning and also the macro skills

C. The K to 12 Program curriculum will produce holistically developed learners who have 21st century skills and prepared for higher education.the main goal of this curriculum are communicative competence this competence is also belongs to the two curriculum and the multiliteracy who recognize that there are many kinds of literacy at look with our society.  the difference of this curriculum to the are it develop learners learn holistically and multiliteracy. the commonalities of this curriculum is 2002 and BEC are Theory of language,theory of language acquisition, theory of learning, theory of teaching and the macro skills.

In these three curriculum that implement in our country there are always a changes in generation to generation to fulfill the needs of our rapidly changing world to be able to the  our  Filipino youth to cope the globalization and to be globally competitive..
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Re: Language Curriculum (AY 2016-2017) Final Requirements (A)

Glory D. Gaco
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
     JHUNA MAE ATIENZA 2A
     What are commonalities and differences of BEC, SEC and K-12 Curriculum.
      Language is dynamic as well as the curriculum. We have different curriculum in the past and in the present, but we are now in the globally and competitive generation. A world does not need competitive teachers but also competitive students.
    *K12 will be institutionalizing the Mother Tongue- Based Multilingual Education that will serve as the medium of instruction. This is used for the learners from grade 1-3. Music, Arts, Physical Education and Health are taught here.  Under this curriculum, the education focuses on understandable, objective, measurable, and well defined goals to enable the schools to work smarter and more productively. It is also made to aim in assisting graduates to get employment without any troubles.
     This system of education looks to the prior knowledge of an individual. It is after to the things that the learners know, what they should know, and what they do. This content standard deals with fact and information and the skills of students. They demonstrate what they learn and apply it in real life situations.
     There are also few negative impacts created by K-12 education such as disintegration, continuous class hours, and lack of faculty to handle classes efficiently. Education system can become more competitive among other countries around the world. These are problems such as the number of public schools, classrooms plus the adequate supply of classroom chairs, books and others.
     The development under this is holistic, they become more ready for employment and entrepreneurship. Filipino students would be more literate skilled and competitive to be able to find jobs more easily and contribute to the country’s pride as well as the country’s economy.  
      This higher education is globally competitive and student centered that expected to produce an even effective and productive learners someday.
     *On the other hand, the BEC Curriculum is Bilingual, it only uses Filipino and English language dissimilar to the K12 Curriculum. And the same with the SEC, this is a lifelong learning which focuses the learners be a successful leader. It emphasize the use of integrative learning approaches, teaching of values in all learning areas, development of self reliant patriotic citizens, and development of creative and critical thinking skills.
      This system of education is unlike the curriculum above that has the problems in number of public schools, classrooms, chairs, books and others, BEC has a complete facilities. Not just these things but also the disintegration, continuous class hours, and lack of faculty to handle classes efficiently. This curriculum can be able to provide it. This is also globally competitive like the other system of education.
       *2010 SEC: The UDB (Understanding by Design) is under this curriculum, starting from desired outcomes, assessment, products, and performance and learning plan.  It develops the citizenship, the 21st century for global competitiveness, the communication that is needed by the students, and it can produce a functional literate Filipino.



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