Intro to Linguistics

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Intro to Linguistics

Teacher Marx
Hello BSED 2-A,

Please be advised that as your final examination, you have to answer the following questions. Be guided by the these criteria: Grammar (40%) Content(60%).

1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?

3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?

Deadline of posting is on October 14, 2015 (12:MN).

Looking forward to reseeing your work on or before the deadline.

Good luck & enjoythe break!


Regards,
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Margie P. Villanueva
1. What do you think makes language different from dialect?
The difference between dialect and a language is relative, not absolute, arbitrary not logical. A language is a dynamic set of visual, auditory, or tactile symbols of communication and the elements used to manipulate them. Language is considered to be an exclusively human mode of communication while a dialect is a variety of a language that is characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers. It is the way of language spoken in a particular region. A dialect is just under of language. A regional dialect is a variation, peculiar to a district or region, from the norm of standard speech; it is a regional language within the language.

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?
Language are shaped and changed in many ways. There is some reason why does it change and the first one is because new words are brought to a country through trade, war, or settlers from a foreign land. Another reason is new words are invent like for example the word “television” did not exist during 1900’s but since time to time there are changes happen that’s why the word television do exist.One more reason is that many words that were well known during old times such as “trow” which means “believe”, are today unfamiliar to many people. Words are drop old meanings and take new ones, like for example the word “meat”, it is used to mean any kind of food. Today it generally means for animal flesh. And through using portmanteau which carry two meanings in a single word. Lastly, by using slang it changes a language too.
3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make weather a language dies or lives on?
There are some cases why do languages die like for example when my family immigrated to a new country; the schools there will insist that I have to speak the official language of that particular country. Often times this is the death of a language in that family because my native language will be no longer in used because I have to adapt the language of that country. Another reason is words are just like a trend things it’s getting obsolete if it is no longer needed or popular to use. Over the generation native speakers fail to learn and then pass on to their children the language native to generations of their forefathers. Then, finally, it happens and their last speaker ages and dies. The reason why do language die and didn’t exist anymore because some generation didn’t able to pass their native language that’s why some of us was unaware of some words.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Alvin Seniel
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1.A language is a dialect with an army and navy. The dialect is the spoken words in one community or tribe.Its either bisaya,ilocano,waray and etc. It is spoken by those people who lived there.While the language is spoken all over the world it is the Filipino and English that is spoken by a large number of people.
2.Language is always changing. And simply because our language is dynamic.It changes from time to time.We've seen that language changes across space and across social group. Language also varies across time.
Generation by generation, pronunciations evolve, new words are borrowed or invented, the meaning of old words drifts, and morphology develops or decays. The rate of change varies, but whether the changes are faster or slower, they build up until the "mother tongue" becomes arbitrarily distant and different. .Language is always changing. We've seen that language changes across space and across social group. Language also varies across time.
3. Trade does not kill languages any more than it kills any other type of cultural practice, like painting or music. Trade enhances the exchange of cultural practices and fosters their proliferation; it does not generally diminish them. Historically, regional trade has fostered the creation of many new lingua francas, and the result tends to be a stable, healthy bilingualism between the local language and the regional trade language. It is only when the state adopts a trade language as official and, in a fit of linguistic nationalism, foists it upon its citizens, that trade languages become "killer languages."Its not nescessarily dies but its just not used because no one are tend to use those language alone because other are using different language.

Most importantly, what both of the above answers overlook is that speaking a global language or a language of trade does not necessitate the abandonment of one's mother tongue. The average person on this planet speaks three or four languages.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Alhona Pacifico
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?
---Language is a system of communication. We can't be able to communicate without language. The dialect is also  form of communication but it is different from language because dialect is the subordinate of language. For example; We use Filipino language here in Philippines but Filipino Language has many kind of dialects like, visaya, tagalog, Ilocano, and many more.

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?
-- Languages are easily to adopt especially when you are in the place that they didn't use your native language, on that probably  you have to learn their language.

3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?
--- For me, I think languages die when we are not often to use it or, maybe because of generation changes that there are some new languages that we often or easy to use.
For me, there is no difference whether a languages are dies or lives, because we didn't notice if we are still using those or not. For example the Spanish Language which our parents learned and then our English that we are using now. It can't be affect our learning process.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Realyn T. De villa
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1. The difference of language from dialect are as follows:
Language is the standard form, and more people speak a language. It was spoken by a large population of people. It is the official language use in a particular country. While dialect is a form of language that is spoken in a particular area and that is uses some of its own words, grammar and pronunciation. Meaning to say, it is a variety of language in a particular group of the speakers. Dialects are regional and just a subsets of language. For example here in the Philippines, the official language used was Filipino. It was spoken all over in the Philippines. And the subsets of Filipino language are Tagalog, Ilocano, Bisaya, Cebuano etc. and that is what we call dialect.

2. The language was changed when they become into contact with other languages because when the speakers of different languages interact closely, it is typical for their languages to influence each other. Change is due to societal influences – a particular language or dialect feature may get a prestige status and people might start copying it for social acceptance.
3. Language dies because of the phenomena that language change time at a time. Urbanization is one of the reasons why language dies. It dies because it is not appropriate and not acceptable to the generation or it might be change in meaning of a word that is not accepted by a large number of people. For example the word “thou and thy”, these words use in the time of Shakespeare but now, it was use as “you and the”. Another reason why language die is the complete shift in the meaning of the word. In this change the word retains none of its original definition. Example is the word “gay” which is originally meant as light hearted, joyous or happy, in the Old English the word has undergone complete shift in meaning, on our generation, and it is now refer to homosexual person.Language die because generation change and die also.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

ARCELY R. BALQUEN
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
JACKY MAY L. LAMA
BSED 2A

1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?
* I think the language different from a dialect is because of the places where we are. We have what we call region dialect or sometimes they called it region defect. The language, we use it to communicate to each other and also the dialect but not in the same way. Dialect is a language that the person’s particular language style. There is no universally accepted criterion for distinguishing two different languages from two dialects of the same language. A number of rough measures exist, sometimes leading to contradictory results. The distinction is therefore subjective and depends on the user's frame of reference.

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?
* Languages change when they come into contact with other languages because the person who is speaking use another language for them to reach their communicative goal. Sometimes we used to borrow some of the foreign languages for us to communicate with other person. For the listener to understand their communications and of course, for them to have an effective communications.

3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?
* Because of when the native speakers didn’t use this language because of the language change the language will be loses or die. The variety of the language is applied and when one language was ignored it will loses slowly.  If there are only a few elderly speakers of a language remaining, and they no longer use that language for communication, then the language is effectively dead. For me, the difference when the language lives on or dies is that the dead language will be forgotten most of all when there is no children use it. Because the cultural form loses all the time so it making no sense if the language will live again.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

LUQUINGAN, ARLENE A.
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?

-A language is a well developed form of communication that is shared by members of a particular group, whereas a dialect is a form of variation that occurs within that language based on several reasons

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?

-  because somehow each languages have different meaning in different word that make the language change if you borrow words and construct from foreign languages, and also speakers tend to make their utterances as efficient and effective as possible to reach communicative goals.

3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?
           -For me it is because of globalization. As "globalization" increases, so does the loss of                                                          human languages. People find it easier to conduct business and communicate with those outside their own culture if they speak more widely used languages like Chinese, English, Spanish or Russian.     Children also are not being educated in languages spoken by a limited number of people. As fewer people use local languages, they gradually die out.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Mary Jane S. Atienza
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
Name: Quirante, Shiela  D.

1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?
Answer:
Language is the system of communication used by a particular community or country while a dialect is a variety of a language that is characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers. It is the way of language spoken in a particular region.

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?
ANSWER:
Language changes because we utter it differently.  Language changes very subtly whenever speakers come into contact with each other. And some leads to misunderstanding. No two individuals speak identically: people from different places speak differently, but even within the same small community there are variations according to a speaker’s age, gender, ethnicity and social and educational background. Through our interactions with these different speakers, we encounter new words, expressions and pronunciations and integrate them into our own speech. Even if your family has lived in the same area for generations, you can probably identify a number of differences between the language you use and the way your grandparents speak. Every successive generation makes its own small contribution to language change and when sufficient time has elapsed the impact of these changes becomes more obvious.

ANSWER:  
3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?
 Language will die if the native speaks stop using their language.  A language will perish if all who speak it are dead.  Urbanization is an important factor in language death. It doesn’t matter if the language dies or lives. The important thing is that we can communicate and understand each other. That’s all.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

BALQUEN ARCELY R.
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
  1. The difference of language from dialect are as follows:
 
LANGUAGE is the standard form, and more people speak a language. It was spoken by a large population of people. It is the official language use in a particular country. While DIALECT is a form of language that is spoken in a particular area and that is uses some of its own words, grammar and pronunciation. Meaning to say, it is a variety of language in a particular group of the speakers. Dialects are regional and just a subsets of language. For an nstance, here in the Philippines, the official language used was Filipino . It was spoken all over in the Philippines. And the subsets of Filipino language are Tagalog, Ilocano, Bisaya, Cebuano etc. and that is what we call dialect.

2. The language was changed when they become into contact with other languages because when the speakers of different languages interact closely, it is typical for their languages to influence each other. Change is due to societal influences – a particular language or dialect feature may get a prestige status and people might start copying it for social acceptance.
3. Language dies because of the phenomena that language change time at a time. Urbanization is one of the reasons why language dies. It dies because it is not appropriate and not acceptable to the generation or it might be change in meaning of a word that is not accepted by a large number of people. For example the word “thou and thy”, these words use in the time of Shakespeare but now, it was use as “you and the”. Another reason why language die is the complete shift in the meaning of the word. In this change the word retains none of its original definition. Example is the word “gay” which is originally meant as light hearted, joyous or happy, in the Old English the word has undergone complete shift in meaning, on our generation, and it is now refer to homosexual person.Language die because generation change and die also.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Rejean V. Reyes BSED 2-A
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1   .A language is a well developed form of communication that is shared by members of a particular group, whereas a dialect is a form of variation that occurs within that language based on several reasons.For me language is the supreme element dominating a particular place while the dialect is just a sub part of it.

     A 'language' is basically nothing more than a collection of dialects which are generally mutually intelligible, with some sort of identity, created by its speakers, as a separate language. Often, there is also a dialect which is sort of used to communicate with people who generally speak different dialects, which would nowadays be called the 'official' form. Everyone in the world speaks a dialect, and most people are in a way bilingual - they have a dialect they speak at home, and one they speak when talking to someone from across the country.
     Dialects and languages are always changing and diverging, everyone is always creating local idioms and customs in the language of the community they live in. In many isolated agricultural areas you can hear differences in the speach of people of neighbouring villages. Change is an innate quality of language. Important factors also are what the elite speaks, what the local people of importance speak, the influence of neighbouring languages, the need of self-identifying against 'Others' through language - whether it be the next village or the next country - and many more social and cultural factors.

2.    The most common way that languages influence each other is the exchange of words. Much is made about the contemporary borrowing of English words into other languages, but this phenomenon is not new, nor is it very large by historical standards. Contact between people speaking different languages can have a wide variety of outcomes. In some cases only a few words are borrowed; in others whole new languages may be formed. The results of such contact differ according to several factors, including the length and intensity of contact between the groups; the types of social, economic, and political relationship between them; the functions which communication between them must serve; and the degree of similarity between the languages they speak.

       Most languages have been influenced at one time or another by contact, resulting in varying degrees of transfer of features from one to the other. English, for instance, has borrowed a great deal of vocabulary from French, Latin, Greek, and many other languages in the course of its history. Transfer of this kind does not even require speakers of the different languages to have actual contact since it can be accomplished through book learning by teachers who then pass on the new vocabulary to other speakers via literature, religious texts, dictionaries, and so on. But many other contact situations have led to language transfer of various types, often so extensive that new contact languages are created.

3.     How does a language die? Some contribute the cause to globalization. They claim that the process of interaction and integration among the people of different nations, mostly through commercialism, is killing diversity in language. They assert that only the dominate languages in commerce, meaning English, Spanish and Chinese, will survive. However, is this really the case?  When a young person living in Germany learns one of these ‘dominate’ languages in order to get a better paying job, do they give up speaking German? Many people in the world today are multilingual because of the effect of globalization. However, it’s not likely that any of them have completely abandoned their native tongues.
      Likewise as new generation emerge, new trends dominate the society new words also emerge and dominates their lifestyle. This words are made or born to cope up with diverging needs of the people.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Katrina U. Sulayao
This post was updated on .
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1.Language is far different from dialect because language is spoken universal while dialect is for regional.  Language is use by a large number of people while the dialect is spoken by one community or tribe its either bisaya, Ilocano, kapangpangan,bicolano, waray and soon. Dialect is a form of language that is use by a small amount of people, just like in some part of our country example are the bicolano and Ilocano they have their own dialect but when they are out of their region or community it is un-understandable by a lot of people. English and Filipino are the example of language that is spoken by a large number of populations.
2.Language change when into contact with other language because two or more language interacts with each other and that language have their own meaning. The main reason is because the language is dynamic it change time to time. Just like the word ‘itlog’ in Filipino that word is literary means egg but in some part of our country it means bird. It only vary because multilingual.
3.Language because of some reason it may because of that language is not in use, or it needs a lot of practice to develop or arise that language , just like the Latin word that we can consider die because it is not easy to learn. Sometimes it is because of adaptation example you were in a particular region then suddenly you need to transfer in another region so, his is where you need to adapt their language for you to say that you are ‘in’ on that group, that’s why your old language die.

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Re: Intro to Linguistics

lyka jessa e. vinluan
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
BALQUEN, CHERRY ANN R.
Same with the Language Curriculum.

1. For me, language is spoken in a certain country but the dialect is spoken in a region or a particular group. For example here in Philippines, our language is Filipino and we have different languages like Ilokano, Bisaya, and etc. And language is our culture and our identity. Language can change or simply language is dynamic while dialect can't.

2. Based on my report , language can change because of lexical items or lexical changes. The vocabulary language changes and the factors are loss of lexical items( obsolete words), change in the meaning, and create a new words( borrowing). Language contact occurs when two or more languages or varieties interact. It happens because of the adoption of other language feature.

3. Language dies because its not always in use. It happens because of linguicide (also known as sudden death, language genocide, physical language death, biological language death). It sometimes happened when in a community speaks bilingual so that it gradually shift allegiance to the second language until they cease to use their original language. When we use a language everyday and we survived in natural calamities the language will still alive. Natural calamities is one of the factor of language death because when a certain community strike of calamities and they can not survive, it cause a language death.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Mary Jane S. Atienza
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1.What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?

ANSWER:
Well, the difference between a language and a dialect was ultimately a political distinction and had little to do with linguistics perse. In fact, linguists would say that the difference between a language and a  dialect is not based on linguistic criteria at all  but on  politics, power, geography and 'identity'. A language is a well developed form of communication that is shared by members of a particular group, whereas a dialect is a form of variation that occurs within that language based on several reasons. In addition, two languages where speakers can understand each other are considered dialects of the same language, whereas two languages where the speakers cannot understand each other are, indeed, separate languages. Historically, when two dialects are in close enough continuous contact with each other, they will often remain mutually intelligible. With enough separation in time and space, though, dialects will eventually turn into separate languages as the two become more and more distinct.

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?

ANSWER:
Because different place has a different to be use, so for the sake of communication, they gain to compact it that cause its changes. People are usually surprised, though, to discover that sound change is highly regular: if a sound 'x' changes to a sound 'y' in one word, 'x' will change to 'y' in comparable contexts in every word it appears in. As a result, the form of a word often reveals part of its history. Consider French 'coup' and English 'coup': They look alike, sound alike, and have similar meanings, but they can't both have been inherited independently from the same Proto-Indo-European (PIE) word, because the sound [k] doesn't come from the same PIE source in French and English.
Language also changes very subtly whenever speakers come into contact with each other. No two individuals speak identically: people from different geographical places clearly speak differently, but even within the same small community there are variations according to a speaker’s age, gender, ethnicity and social and educational background. Through our interactions with these different speakers, we encounter new words, expressions and pronunciations and integrate them into our own speech. Even if your family has lived in the same area for generations, you can probably identify a number of differences between the language you use and the way your grandparents speak. Every successive generation makes its own small contribution to language change and when sufficient time has elapsed the impact of these changes becomes more obvious.

3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?

ANSWER:
Because as the time goes by, the generations changes the standard of living of people is changing. A dead language is one that is only used in special contexts, such as medicine, prayer and science, and not in everyday life. When I think of dead languages, Greek and Latin come to mind immediately. However, I’ve recently become aware of the vast number of languages that are not only dead, but are extinct. Imagine that! Picture, if you can, a language that was once shared by hundreds of thousands of people over generations suddenly becoming extinct. The truth is, you don’t have to imagine it.
A language is often declared to be dead even before the last native speaker of the language has died. If there are only a few elderly speakers of a language remaining, and they no longer use that language for communication, then the language is effectively dead.There has a disadvantages in changes of language like for example for the old people that can’t relate on the new language using in this new generation. And also the old language they are using before that the people in new generation can’t easy to understand.
Language death can be fast, when the children are taught to avoid their parents' language for reasons such as work opportunities and social status. At other times, minority languages survive much better, for example when the speakers try to isolate themselves against a majority population. That's the reason why the language changes generation to generation.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Verna Santa Rabanal
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1. Language is for something vague while dialect is for something that is a language refers to, let’s say for example Filipino is a language while Tagalog is a dialect. When we talk about different countries, we used to conceptualize the language of people because that’s what most people used, but when we are inside the countries we use the dialects depending on what we are used to.

2. Language change in many ways. Language is dynamic, it is said that language can change from time to time, generation to another generation. Language change because of vary from place to place. Language changes over time, the new word occur when two people from different places are talking, trough interaction with other speaker we encountered new words. Language change according to age, gender and educational background.


3. In the same manner plants and animals are disappearing as language too. For me languages die because the speakers might no longer use it. It dies maybe because it is hard to use and maybe because new language arises. And it dies because of generations. For me it doesn’t matter if the language is dies or lives on, what matters to me is that we communicate each other and understand each other.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Villaluna ,Clariz T
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?

ANSWER: in language it is our mother tounge and in our country it is the language that we are using. in dialect it is using socialize it is the word that we are speaking. and it has a variety of a language

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?

answer: because it would mixed. the people cant communicate because they dont understand the language of the one they talking for,

. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?

answer:because in our generation theres a lot of language now. the past language will be forgotten because of the new language/
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Alvin seniel
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?

 Language can be dialect and dialect can be language too.Two languages where speakers can understand each other are considered dialects of the same language, whereas two languages where the speakers cannot understand each other are, indeed, separate languages.Language is considered to be an exclusively human mode of communication while a dialect is a variety of a language that is characteristic of a particular group of the language's speakers. It is the way of language spoken in a particular region. A dialect is just under of language.

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?

 It happens when the speakers of different languages interact closely, it is typical for their languages to influence each other. Through our interactions with  different speakers, we encounter new words, expressions and pronunciations and integrate them into our own speech.But many other contact situations have led to language transfer of various types, often so extensive that new contact languages are created.

3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?
A language is considered dead if their usage stopped. A language is often declared to be dead even before the last native speaker of the language has died. If there are only a few elderly speakers of a language remaining, and they no longer use that language for communication, then the language is effectively dead.Language death can be fast, when the children are taught to avoid their parents' language for reasons such as work opportunities and social status. At other times, minority languages survive much better, for example when the speakers try to isolate themselves against a majority population. That's the reason why the language changes generation to generation.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

ROSEBEM A. RODELAS
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?

*ANSWER:
Language is an effective tool of communication, through it we are understand by other people. It can be in a form of words or signs and that makes a language different from a dialect, because a dialect is in a form of speech or words. Dialect is only a sub-language, it is regional or being use by a certain community, place, or country. When I was studying in A.U.P, I encountered different person using their respective dialect, since it was an international school. Some are Koreans, Indonesians, Africans, Chinese, Filipinos, and etc.. We have to speak in English so that we might understand each other. What I have mentioned here are example of different people with different languages. For example; French and Italian are Romances dialect, but they are all languages. You can say that dialect is a language, but not language is a dialect.

2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?

*ANSWER:
Language varies across time. New words are borrowed or invented, the meaning of old words drifts, and morphology develops or decay. Languages do change because that is the only way we can understand it. It changes for a variety of reason, large-scale shifts often occur in response to social, economic, and political pressures. In historical records, it shows that language change because of colonization, invasion, and migration. The needs of the speaker drive language to change, new experiences simply requires new words. By using new and emerging terms, we all drive language change. Through our interaction, we pick up new words and sayings, then we integrate them into our speech. For example, teens and young adults often use different words and phrases adopted from their parents. Some of them spread out in the population and slowly change the language.

3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?

*ANSWER:
In my own understanding, language die simply because we are not using it. Language death occurs when its last native speaker has gone. It is a process affecting speech communities where the level of linguistic competences that a speaker possess in a given language variety is decreased, it will result to no fluent(native)speakers of that language variety.
In my own idea,the difference when a language die we cannot use that languages at all but if that languages lives on, we can continually use it even if that language is obsolete or maybe out of passion.  
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

Realyn T. De villa
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
good afternoon sir. THIS IS LEIZEL DELOS SANTOS. I can't put my name in the name box because can't change the name there. thank you po.


1.thedifference between a language and a dialect was ultimately a political distinction and had little to do with linguistics per se.Supposed  to be that there are two person talking to each other they undertand the language you can say it is dialect they speak and the dialect they speak is a language. Language is where the community or a particular place used in communication. While dialect is a variety of language distinguished by pronounciation, grammar and vocavolary  that are mostly based on class, ethnicity  or social situation. There are different standard of dialects by the diversity or a group of people that we can call as languge. Language as official used by people in a community or in society.

2. There are numbers of reasons why language changed.
Language changes in borrowing other language. Borrowing language have some factors that leads to  changes in language are: colonization, migration , modernization, effects  brought by technologies to humans. Adaptation of new language can effect to the changes of language. These continuously happen by the interaction of people using different languages. Even without these kinds of influences, a language can change dramatically if enough users alter the way they speak it.
New technologies, industries, science and experiences are require new words.
By using new and emerging terms, we all drive language change. no two individuals use a language in exactly the same way so that they learned other words from each other. Through our interactions, we pick up new words and sayings and used them as part of our own language. Teens and young adults for example, often use different words and phrases from their parents. Some of them spread through the population and slowly change the language.
3.They claim that urbanization and globalization are cause by the death of the language. Death occurs by the adaptation of other language and used it as their official language and passed it generation by generation. Displacement of language happens when people stop using their language to their children. But the decision is it’s up to them.
Changes in language might be a factor why the language die.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

erick lumanog
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1. What do you think makes a language different from a dialect?
For me the different of the language from a dialect is the language is this is the people use in everyday to express their thoughts and feelings to each other like for example here in our classroom if we have a reporting many of us ask the reporter what she/he talking about like for example what is your own opinion about your topic? and the dialect is this is the form that is spoken in a particular area and  that uses some of its words like for example in our country,   I am not really sure that all of the cebuanos speaking a bisaya. Many of them are using a bisaya term to communicate to each other and to express their opinions by using their own language.  and my another answer is teh language and dialect was ultimately a  political distinction and had a little to do with linguistic perse.


2. Why do languages change when they come into contact with other languages?
As far as I know. The language changes when they come into contact with other languages are migration, conquest and trade bring speaker  of one language into contact with the speaker of another language. some individuals  will became fully bilingual as children while others learn a second language more or less well as adults in such contact situation, languages is often barrowed words, sounds, construction and so on.


3. Why do languages die? What difference does it make whether a languages dies or lives on?
For me, more especially that languages death represent the same loss in diversity as species extinction does in biodiversity. I care deeply about the issue but I am somewhere between ambivalence to the rather odd opinion that they blend and add to overall diversity.
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Re: Intro to Linguistics

katherine reyes
In reply to this post by Teacher Marx
1 difference between dialect and language was ultimately a political distinction and had little to do with linguistic perse. thus, German and dutch are separate languages, but Mandarin and Mexican Chinese are supposed dialects. linguist however, do make a distinction between the two based on the concept of mutual intelligibility. Two languages where   speakers can understand each other are considered dialect of the same language, where as two languages    where the speakers cannot understand each other are, indeed, separate languages. this often isn't black and white, since understand can be a hard criterion to pin down. There's no well -established way this has been operationalized.

2 on my own opinion i think language doesn't die, it changes when it terms of civilization because there is  always a language even if there are not in spoken words that have letters, and symbols it may also be in body language and gestures like sign language. Linguistics analyzes human language as a system for relating sounds or signs in signed language and meaning. Phonetics studies acoustic and articulatory properties of the production and perception of speech sounds and non speech sounds.

3 language contact occurs when two or more languages orvarieties interact .Multilingualism has likely been common throughout much of human history , today most people in the world are multilingual. When speakers of different languages interact closely, it is typical  for their language to influence each other. Language contact can occur at language borders, as a result of migration
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